使用RPM包部署

这里使用的系统是CentOS8, 清华源:mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/gitlab-ce/

下载软件包

wget https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/gitlab-ce/yum/el8/gitlab-ce-13.7.0-ce.0.el8.x86_64.rpm


安装

rpm -ivh gitlab-ce-13.7.0-ce.0.el8.x86_64.rpm


日志输出

warning: gitlab-ce-13.7.0-ce.0.el8.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID f27eab47: NOKEY
Verifying...                          ################################# [100%]
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
   1:gitlab-ce-13.7.0-ce.0.el8        ################################# [100%]
It looks like GitLab has not been configured yet; skipping the upgrade script.

       *.                  *.
      ***                 ***
     *****               *****
    .******             *******
    ********            ********
   ,,,,,,,,,***********,,,,,,,,,
  ,,,,,,,,,,,*********,,,,,,,,,,,
  .,,,,,,,,,,,*******,,,,,,,,,,,,
      ,,,,,,,,,*****,,,,,,,,,.
         ,,,,,,,****,,,,,,
            .,,,***,,,,
                ,*,.



     _______ __  __          __
    / ____(_) /_/ /   ____ _/ /_
   / / __/ / __/ /   / __ `/ __
  / /_/ / / /_/ /___/ /_/ / /_/ /
  ____/_/__/_____/__,_/_.___/


Thank you for installing GitLab!
GitLab was unable to detect a valid hostname for your instance.
Please configure a URL for your GitLab instance by setting `external_url`
configuration in /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb file.
Then, you can start your GitLab instance by running the following command:
  sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure

For a comprehensive list of configuration options please see the Omnibus GitLab readme
https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/omnibus-gitlab/blob/master/README.md

Help us improve the installation experience, let us know how we did with a 1 minute survey:
https://gitlab.fra1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_6kVqZANThUQ1bZb?installation=omnibus&release=13-7


 

配置

安装完成后可以发现以下信息,需要修改gitlab.rb配置文件。

GitLab was unable to detect a valid hostname for your instance. Please configure a URL for your GitLab instance by setting external_urlconfiguration in /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb file. Then, you can start your GitLab instance by running the following command: sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure

编辑 /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb 可以看到默认的域名配置。如果是学习使用则可以继续使用该域名,不用再做其他配置。

32 external_url 'http://gitlab.example.com'



如果是需要修改该域名,则需要这样做:

修改gitlab.rb

external_url 'http://gitlab.devops.com'


重新配置

gitlab-ctl reconfigure


 

服务运行控制

启动服务

gitlab-ctl start


重启服务

gitlab-ctl restart 


查看状态

gitlab-ctl status 


停止

gitlab-ctl stop


 

访问测试

由于使用的是gitlab.devops.com 这个域名,需要在dns或者本地hosts中添加该解析记录。

vi /etc/hosts

192.168.1.200 gitlab.devops.com


浏览器访问http://gitlab.devops.com/, 设置用户密码。默认用户root。这里设置的密码是devops1234。




能够正常进入首页即可,安装完成。


扩展:使用外部PG数据库

使用docker快速启动PG

You are using PostgreSQL 9.6.16, but PostgreSQL >= 11 is required for this version of GitLab.

mkdir /root/gitlab/pgdata

docker run --name dockerPG11
-e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=postgres
-v /root/gitlab/pgdata:/var/lib/postgresql/data
-p 54322:5432
-d postgres:11.5



## 创建数据库
psql -U postgres -h localhost -p 54322
psql (11.5 (Debian 11.5-3.pgdg90+1))
Type "help" for help.
postgres=# create role gitlab login encrypted password 'gitlab';
CREATE ROLE
postgres=# create database gitlabhq_production owner=gitlab ENCODING = 'UTF8';
CREATE DATABASE
postgres=# c gitlabhq_production
You are now connected to database "gitlabhq_production" as user "postgres".
gitlabhq_production=# CREATE EXTENSION IF NOT EXISTS btree_gist;
CREATE EXTENSION
gitlabhq_production=# CREATE EXTENSION IF NOT EXISTS pg_trgm;
CREATE EXTENSION
postgres=# q


使用postgres用户创建 EXTENSION, btree_gist, pg_trgm。否则会遇到如下错误:

STDOUT: psql:/opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-rails/db/structure.sql:9: ERROR:  permission denied to create extension "btree_gist" HINT:  Must be superuser to create this extension.

修改gitlab.rb配置文件
编辑/etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb

654 gitlab_rails['db_adapter'] = "postgresql"
655 gitlab_rails['db_encoding'] = "utf8"
656 # gitlab_rails['db_collation'] = nil
657 gitlab_rails['db_database'] = "gitlabhq_production"
658 gitlab_rails['db_username'] = "gitlab"
659 gitlab_rails['db_password'] = "gitlab"
660 gitlab_rails['db_host'] = "192.168.1.200"
661 gitlab_rails['db_port'] = 54322
1025 postgresql['enable'] = false

## 配置更新

gitlab-ctl reconfigure

 

验证配置生效

cat /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-rails/config/database.yml

# This file is managed by gitlab-ctl. Manual changes will be
# erased! To change the contents below, edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb
# and run `sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure`.

production:
  adapter: postgresql
  encoding: utf8
  collation:
  database: gitlabhq_production
  username: "gitlab"
  password: "gitlab"
  host: "192.168.1.200"
  port: 54322